giovedì 6 agosto 2015

Sonographer statunitense: qualche indicazione per chi volesse andare oltreoceano

Essential Information

The job title of 'sonogram nurse' is not a typical one. Licensed nurses can gain training in ultrasound and sonography by pursuing an additional certificate or degree program in diagnostic medical sonography; however, holding a nursing degree and licensure is not a prerequisite for these programs. Some prior healthcare experience does tend to be valuable for aspiring sonographers, though. Nurses who complete a diagnostic medical sonography program might continue their nursing practice, or they may transition into a sonographer role.
Healthcare practitioners who perform sonograms use a transducer to transmit high frequency sound (ultrasound) waves into a patient's body. The transducer takes an image of the body part using reflected echoes, and the sonographer sends the image to the physician for diagnosis of disease and pregnancy health. Sonographers can find employment in hospitals, doctor's offices and laboratories.

Required Education Certificate or degree program
Other Requirements Strong communication skills, expertise with sonogram equipment and in-depth knowledge of anatomy and physiology
Certification and Licensure Certification is recommended for sonographers; licensure is required for sonographers in some states
Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*19% for all registered nurses; 46% for all diagnostic medical sonographe

Requirements for Nurses Who Want to Become Sonographers

There are several paths open to nurses who want to study sonography.The programs available may take anywhere from 1-4 years to complete. All require some background in anatomy and mathematics.
A certificate program is offered by some hospitals and medical institutes. These programs can vary in length from 1-2 years. Most programs include lectures, on-campus experience with sonographic equipment and off-campus clinical studies. Some programs require prior experience in a healthcare facility; a licensed nurse interested in this type of program would easily fulfill this requirement.
An associate's degree program is offered by many university hospitals and community colleges. This is a 2-year program that usually requires a background in anatomy, physics and college level math. The curriculum generally includes lectures and clinical experience.
Finally, a bachelor's degree program is offered by some 4-year universities. These programs have more extensive prerequisites, including courses in anatomy, physiology, physics and math, as well as general education subjects like English and social sciences. Like associate's degree programs, bachelor's degree programs in diagnostic medical sonography combine classroom discussion with hands-on clinical work and practice on ultrasound equipment.

Certification and Licensure

Although certification isn't mandatory for diagnostic medical sonographers, it's strongly recommended; some insurance companies won't pay for procedures unless certified sonographers perform them, so employers prefer to hire professionals with certification. After graduating from an accredited program, new sonographers can earn certification by passing an exam. Some states require that sonographers be licensed. Eligibility requirements for licensure vary by state, but certification is a common requirement.

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